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quali delitti e quali pene

Il Consiglio dei Ministri ha varato, durante la notte dell’1 dicembre, il testo del Decreto legislativo di attuazione della Legge delega 67/2014 che prevede la depenalizzazione di 112 reati definiti “minori”, che secondo molti equivale alla cancellazione degli stessi:

  • La cosiddetta “microcriminalità”: Esercizio arbitrario delle proprie ragioni con violenza, Furto, Appropriazione indebita
  • Contro le persone: Abbandono di persone minori o incapaci, Atti osceni, Atti persecutori (stalking), Corruzione di minorenne, Diffamazione, Incesto, Ingiuria, Minaccia, Lesione personale, Omicidio colposo, Percosse, Rissa, Violenza privata, Stato d’incapacità procurato mediante violenza
  • Abusi: Abuso dei mezzi di correzione o di disciplina, Abuso d’ufficio, Arresto illegale, Favoreggiamento, Violazione di domicilio commessa dal P. U.
  • Inganni e frodi: Abusivo esercizio di una professione, Adulterazione o contraffazione di cose in danno della pubblica salute (farmaci), Commercio o somministrazione di medicinali guasti, Commercio di sostanze alimentari nocive, Corruzione, Insolvenza fraudolenta, Possesso e fabbricazione di documenti di identificazione falsi, Truffa
  • Occupazioni: Arbitraria invasione e occupazione di aziende agricole o industriali, Invasione di terreni o edifici, Violazione di domicilio
  • Danneggiamenti: Sabotaggio, Attentato a impianti di pubblica utilità, Attentati alla sicurezza dei trasporti (e il terrorismo?), Danneggiamento di vario tipo, Fabbricazione o detenzione di materie esplodenti
  • Disastri: Crollo di costruzioni o altri disastri dolosi, Deviazione di acque e modifiche dello stato dei luoghi, Rimozione od omissione dolosa di cautele contro gli infortuni sul lavoro
  • Contro gli animali: Divieto di combattimento tra animali, Maltrattamento di animali, Uccisione o danneggiamento di animali altrui, Uccisione di animali
  • Contro lo Stato stesso: False informazioni al P.M., Falsità materiale del P.U., Frode nelle pubbliche forniture, Frode processuale, Frodi contro le industrie nazionali, Inadempimento di contratti di pubbliche forniture, Oltraggio a P.U., Intralcio alla giustizia, Istigazione a delinquere o a disobbedire alle leggi, Resistenza a P.U.

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Oscar Wilde and Reading Gaol

Oscar Wilde was one of the most representative authors of the Victorian age, the phase of English history that corresponds to the reign of the Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901). The Victorian society is to be considered a very significant moment for English history and culture but also contained some contradictions difficult to understand; scientific development, enormous increase of commercial business, international power and prestige for United Kingdom, a rich and fine literature were the first side of a coin that showed, on the “dark side”, social inequalities, pollution and, in our case, hypocrisy. Homosexuality, in exemplum, was not tolerated at all and the existing laws condemned it very firmly, even to the jail and the hard work.

There was, then, a wit and brilliant novelist, poet, aphorist. And there was a lord, Alfred Douglas who fell in love with him. Surely, the guy had been fascinated and fallen in love with the author of The Picture of Dorian Gray and many other interesting masterpieces because he was wit, he had education, an intelligence and a sagacity which certainly made him seem something special in such an hypocrite and mediocre society (perhaps Alfred should be quiet fed up with). 

To stop the relationship between Oscar and Alfred, Lord Douglas senior, Marquis of Queensberry and Alfred’s father, prosecuted for libel, a charge carrying a penalty of up to two years in prison. The trial discovered evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with other men. After two more trials he was convicted and imprisoned for two years’ hard labour.

Of course, a condemn like that one  comported to have almost killed him because the hard life of a jail and of the works was too hard to suffer for any human being and, over all, for a sensitive and delicate person.

How could such a gentle being face such an appalling and difficult situation? How could an educated gentleman, used at humanities, literature, fine arts, live in a squalid place, without freedom, without the possibility to cultivate his interests, strangely watched by the other jailbirds and having for skythat little tent of blue”?

In 1897, when he was in prison yet, Oscar Wilde wrote De Profundis which was published in 1905, a long letter which discusses his spiritual experience through his judgments, creating a shady counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure.

Upon his release he definitely left Ireland and Britain, never to return, moved to France and there he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem remembering the cruel rhythms of prison life, exactly two years before to die, only forty six years old.

In the Ballad of the Reading Gaol, Oscar Wilde tells us the sufferance he lived in that time of two years, when he wanted to pray and he could not, he wanted to weep and it was difficult, he walked and the detainees whispered ‘that fellow’s got to swing!”. The first image Wilde gives us is that one of a prisoner who does not wear the colours of the blood and the wine, although his hands had been found red after the murder of his wife. Now he wears a suit of shabby grey and, wistfully all the day, takes sometimes a look at that little tent of blue quiet similar to the sky. Oscar walked and a voice whispered someone was destined to be hanged.

Secondly, Wilde lists the crimes of the people of the Reading Gaol and the types of the humanity he had to live with. There is that one who killed the thing of his love, who strangled, who used knives, crying or not, with tender words or in silence and, reasoning in terms of literary categories, it seems a minimal reference to the Love – Death relationship which is an important reading key of Victorian poetry and literature.

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la Resurrezione dei Taviani

 Le migliori congratulazioni, nel nostro piccolo,

ai fratelli Taviani,

per il giusto e doveroso riconoscimento a un film che valorizza l’intrinseca dignità delle persone, insegna a non giudicare il prossimo e s’ispira al grande Teatro di Shakespeare.

Era dai tempi di Lev Tolstoj (‘Resurrezione‘) che non si usava tanta sensibilità nei confronti di queste problematiche.

E non si volava cosí in alto.

 Dopo il salto, l’elenco dettagliato dei vincitori del David (more…)


le nostre prigioni

La situazione delle nostre carceri è drammatica, come da piú parti ribadito.

Non sembra, però, che un indulto generalizzato sia la  soluzione giusta, fondamentalmente per due motivi:

  1. metterebbe sullo stesso piano reati lievi e meno lievi;

  2. durerebbe solo fino a nuove reclusioni, di altre persone o eventuali recidivi.

Da approntarsi, piuttosto, un aggiornamento del nostro codice penale, che preveda misure alternative alla detenzione (lavori socialmente utili o sanzioni pecuniarie).


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